R-8740 (serv.man6). Function of important components — Sharp Home Appliance Service Manual (repair manual)

Model
R-8740 (serv.man6)
Pages
3 Few pages! See other manuals at the bottom of the first or last page.
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462.12 KB
Type
PDF
Document
Service Manual
Brand
Device
Home Appliance / Microwave Oven / Function of important components
File
r-8740-sm6.pdf
Date

View Sharp R-8740 (serv.man6) Service Manual online

R-8740M  - 9
FUNCTION OF IMPORTANT COMPONENTS
DOOR OPEN MECHANISM
The door can be opened by pushing the open button on the
control panel. When the open button is pushed, the open lever
pushes lower latch head on the door upward. The upper latch
head is linked with the lower latch head, so now, the  door can
be opened.
Figure D-1. Door Open Mechanism
MONITORED LATCH SWITCH SW1 AND STOP
SWITCH  SW3
1. When the oven door is closed, the contacts COM-NO of
each switch must be closed.
2. When the oven door is opened, the contacts COM-NO of
each switch must be opened.
MONITOR SWITCH  SW2
The monitor switch is activated (the contacts opened) by the
upper latch head on the door while the door is closed. The
switch is intended to render the oven inoperative by means
of blowing the fuse F2 F8A when the contacts of the moni-
tored latch switch SW1 fail to open when the door is opened.
LATCH
HEADS
LATCH HOOK
MONITORED LATCH
SWITCH
STOP SWITCH
OPEN LEVER
DOOR OPEN BUTTON
MONITOR 
SWITCH
FUSE F1 20A 250V
If the wire harness or electrical components are short-circuited,
this fuse F1 20A 250V blows to prevent an electric shock or fire
hazard.
FUSE F2 F8A 250V
1. If the wire harness or electrical components are short-
circuited, this fuse blows to prevent an electric shock or fire
hazard.
2. The fuse also blows when monitored latch switch SW1
remains closed with the oven door open and when the
monitor switch SW2  contact (COM-NC) closes.
3. The fuse also blows when the asymmetric rectifier, H.V.
rectifier, H.V. wire harness, H.V. capacitor, magnetron or
secondary winding of high voltage transformer is shorted
TC TRANSFORMER
TC transformer converts A.C. line voltage into low voltage to
drive the control unit.
THERMAL CUT-OUT TC1 150˚C (OVEN)
The thermal cut out protects the oven against overheat during
grill cooking, convection cooking or dual (combination) cook-
ing. If the temperature rises above 150˚C because the fan
motor is interrupted, the air inlet duct is blocked or the
ventilation openings are obstructed, the thermal cut-out opens
and switches off the all electrical parts.
When the oven cools itself down to the operating temperature
of 130˚C, the contacts of the thermal cut-out will close again.
THERMAL CUT-OUT TC2 125˚C  (MG)
This thermal cut-out protects the magnetron against overheat.
If the temperature goes up higher than 125˚C because the fan
motor is interrupted or the ventilation openings are blocked,
the thermal cut-out TC2 will open and line voltage to the high
voltage transformer T will cut off and operation of the magnetron
MG will be stopped. The defective thermal cut-out must be
replaced with a new one.
DUAL COOKING CONDITION
MICROWAVE AND BOTTOM GRILL (Figure O-5c)
Program the desired cooking time and then touch the
"BOTTOM GRILL"   
   and MICROWAVE keys (led's will
light on the display panel). When the START key is touched,
the following operations occur:
1. The numbers on the digital readout start the count down to
zero.
2. The oven lamp, cooling fan motor and turntable motor are
energized.
3. Relay RY4 is energized and the main supply voltage is
applied to the bottom heater.
4. Relay RY2 is energized and the microwave energy is
generated by the magnetron.
5. Now the food is cooked by microwave and bottom grill
simultaneously.
AUTO COOK
When the number keys are pressed (not in "MANUAL" 
mode). the oven chooses cooking mode (Microwave, Convec-
tion, Grill or Dual) and sets cooking time automatically accord-
ing to the pre-programmed information in IC-1 (LSI).
Function
1. When the door is opened, the contacts (COM-NC) of
monitor switch SW2 close (to the ON condition) due to their
being normally closed and contacts (COM-NO) open. At
this time the monitored latch SW1 is in the OFF condition
(contacts open) due to their being normally open contact
switches.
2. As the door goes to a closed position, the monitor switch
SW2 contacts (COM-NC) are opened and contacts (COM-
NO) closed  and then the monitored latch switch and stop
switch contacts close.(On opening the door, each of these
switches operate inversely.)
3. If the door is opened and the monitored latch switch  SW1
contacts fail to open, the fuse F2 (F8A) blows immediately
after closing of the monitor switch (COM-NC) contacts.
CAUTION: BEFORE REPLACING A BLOWN FUSE F2 F8A
TEST THE MONITORED LATCH  SWITCH,
MONITOR SWITCH  FOR PROPER OPERA-
TION.
(REFER TO CHAPTER “TEST PROCEDURE”).
R-8740M  - 10
CONVECTION COOKING SYSTEM
This oven is designed with a hot air heating system where food
is heated by forced circulation of the hot air produced by the
grill heaters.
The air heated by the grill heaters is circulated through the
convection passage provided on the outer casing of the oven
cavity by means of the convection fan which is driven by the
convection motor. It is then circulated inside the oven through
the vent holes provided on the back side of the oven. Next, the
hot air heats the food on the turntable and leaves the oven
cavity through the vent in the oven cavity rear wall.
In this way, the hot air circulates inside the oven cavity to raise
its temperature and, at the same time, comes into contact with
the food being cooked.
When the temperature inside the oven cavity reaches the
selected temperature, the heating elements are
de-energized. When the temperature inside the oven cavity
drops below the selected temperature, the heating elements
are energized again. In this way, the inside of the oven cavity
is maintained at approximately the selected temperature.
When the convection time reaches “0”, the heating elements
are de-energized and the convection fan stops operating and
the oven shuts off. At the high temperature (more than 104˚C),
the fan motor remains rotating. Automatically the fan motor will
be shut down at low temperature (less than 104˚C).
Door
Oven Cavity
Grill Heating
Elements
Convection
Passage
Auxiliary
Fan
Convection
Motor
Convection
Fan
Insulator
Roller Stay
Turntable
Motor
Bottom 
Heater
Element
Turntable
Figure D-2. Convection Cooking System
5. The large electric currents beyond 8A flow through the
primary winding of the high voltage transformer.
6. The fuse F2 F8A blows by the large electric currents.
7. The power supplying to the high voltage transformer is cut
off.
NOISE FILTER
The noise filter assembly prevents radio frequency interfer-
ence that might flow back in the power circuit.
TURNTABLE MOTOR TTM
The turntable motor drives the roller stay to rotate the turnta-
ble.
FAN MOTOR FM
The fan motor drives a blade which draws external cool air.
This cool air is directed through the air vanes surrounding the
magnetron and cools the magnetron. This air is channeled
through the oven cavity to remove steam and vapours given
off from the heating foods. It is then exhausted through the
exhausting air vents at the oven cavity.
CONVECTION MOTOR CM
The convection motor drives the convection fan and provide
the heated air
TOP GRILL HEATING ELEMENT GH
The grill heating element is provided to brown the food and is
located on the top of the oven cavity.
BOTTOM GRILL HEATING ELEMENT BH
The grill heating element is provided to brown the food and is
located at the base of the oven cavity
ASYMMETRIC RECTIFIER
The asymmetric rectifier is solid state device that prevents
current flow is both directions. And it prevents the tempera-
ture rise of the power transformer by blowing the fuse F2 F8A
when the high voltage rectifier is shorted.
D2
D1
ASYMMETRIC
RECTIFIER
HIGH VOLTAGE 
RECTIFIER
The rated peak reverse voltage of D1 of the asymmetric
rectifier is 6 KV The rated peak reverse voltage of D2 of the
asymmetric rectifier is 1.7 KV. D1 and D2 of the asymmetric
rectifier or high voltage rectifier are shorted when the each
peak reverse voltage goes beyond the each rated peak
reverse voltage. (The process of the blowing the fuse F2
F8A.)
1. The high voltage rectifier is shorted by any causes when
microwave cooking or dual cooking.
2. The peak reverse voltage of D2 of the rectifier goes
beyond the rated peak reverse voltage 1.7 KV in the
voltage doubler circuit.
3. D2 of the rectifier is shorted.
4. The large electric currents flow through the high voltage
winding of the high voltage transformer.
FUNCTION OF IMPORTANT COMPONENTS
R-8740M  - 11
SENSING FIRE OPERATION
The oven will stop its operation when there is a fire in the
oven cavity in microwave cooking condition.
LSI measures the voltage across the temperature measure-
ment circuit intermittently within a 32-second time base after
since the oven is started in microwave cooking condition.
The oven will stop its operation when the difference of the
voltages is more than 0.69 volts in microwave cooking
condition.
1. Within a 32-second base, first the thermistor is energized
for 3 seconds.  After 2 seconds since the thermistor is
energized, the voltage across the temperature
measurement circuit is measured. And after 21 seconds
since the thermistor is cut off, the convection motor
operates for 10 seconds.
2. The oven carries out the procedure above again. If the
second voltage is 0.69V higher than the first voltage, LSI
judges it is a fire in the oven cavity and stops the oven.
3. When sensor cooking, the sensing fire operation is not
carried out until the oven senses the steam from food.
Because food cannot be cooked well by rotating the
convection fan at that time. After sensing the steam, the
sensing fire operation is started.
4. When LSI judges it is fire in the oven cavity, LSI will switch
off the relays to the power transformer, fan motor and
convection motor and LSI stops counting down. And then
the damper is closed so that the fresh air does not come
into the oven cavity.
.
.
FUNCTION OF IMPORTANT COMPONENTS
THERMISTOR
SENSING
VOLTAGE
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
0
20
64 (sec.)
3 sec.
2
30 32
10 SEC.
Sensing the voltage across temperature measurement circuit.
ON
OFF
CONVECTION
MOTOR
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