R-795M (serv.man26). Cooking advice — Sharp Home Appliance User Guide / Operation Manual

R-795M (serv.man26)
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User Guide / Operation Manual
Home Appliance / Microwave Oven / Cooking advice

View Sharp R-795M (serv.man26) User Guide / Operation Manual online

Microwaves cook food faster than conventional
cooking. It is therefore essential that certain
techniques are followed to ensure good results.
Many of the following techniques are similar to
those used in conventional cooking.
Stir, turn and
Cooking Techniques
Place the thickest parts of food towards the outside of the
dish. e.g. Chicken drumsticks.
Foods that are placed towards the outside of the dish will
receive more energy, so cook quicker, than those in the
Certain foods benefit from being covered during microwave cooking, follow
recommendations where given (see pages 37 - 46).
Use vented microwave cling film or a suitable lid.
Foods with a shell, skin or membrane must be pierced in
several places before cooking or reheating as steam will
build up and may cause food to explode.
e.g. Potatoes, Fish, Chicken, Sausages.
NOTE: Eggs should not be heated using microwave power as they
may explode, even after cooking has ended.
e.g poached, fried, hard-boiled.
For even cooking it is essential to stir, turn and rearrange food during
cooking. Always stir and rearrange from the outside towards the centre.
Standing time is necessary after cooking so it enables the heat to disperse
equally throughout the food.
Follow instructions in the SHARP operation manual at all times.
If you exceed recommended cooking times and use power levels that are too high, food
may overheat, burn and, in extreme circumstances, catch fire and damage the oven.
• Always attend the oven when in use.
• Ensure that the utensils are suitable for
use in a microwave oven. (See “Suitable
Cookware” on page 29).
• Refer to the charts in the cookbook section for
recommended cooking times and power levels.
• Do not place hot foods/utensils on a cold
turntable or cold foods/utensils on a hot
• Only use microwave popcorn within the
recommended packaging (follow the
manufacturers instructions). Never use oil
unless specified by the manufacturer and never
cook for longer than instructed.
Liquids and foods must not be heated in
sealed containers or jars/containers with
lids on, as pressure will build up inside and
may cause the container/jar to explode.
R-795M New style Op man  4/8/02  9:21 AM  Page 27
Check the temperature of food and drink and stir before serving. Take special
care when serving to babies, children or the elderly.  The contents of feeding
bottles and baby food jars are to be stirred or shaken and the temperature is
to be checked before consumption to avoid burns.
Face & Hands: Always use oven gloves to remove food or cookware from the
oven. Stand back when opening the oven door to allow heat or steam to
disperse. When removing covers (such as cling film), opening roasting bags or
popcorn packaging, direct steam away from face and hands.
Temperature of
Food Characteristics
Foods high in fat or sugar (e.g. Christmas pudding, mince pies) require less
heating time. Care should be taken as overheating can lead to fire.
Bones in food conduct heat, making the food cook more quickly. Care must
be taken so that the food is cooked evenly.
Food density will affect the amount of cooking time needed.
Light porous foods, such as cakes or bread, cook more quickly than heavy,
dense foods, such as roasts and casseroles.
The number of microwaves in your oven remains the same regardless of how
much food is being cooked. The cooking time must be increased as the
amount of food placed in the oven increases.
e.g. Four potatoes will take longer to cook than two.
Small foods and small pieces cook faster than large ones, as microwaves can
penetrate from all sides to the centre. For even cooking make all the pieces
the same size.
Foods which are irregular in shape, such as chicken breasts or drumsticks,
take longer to cook in the thicker parts. For even cooking, place the thickest
parts to the outside of the dish where they will receive more energy.
Round shapes cook more evenly than square shapes when microwave cooking.
The initial temperature of food affects the amount of cooking time needed.
Chilled foods will take longer to cook than food at room temperature.
e.g. A cake made with chilled ingredients, (i.e. margarine) will take longer to
cook than a cake made with ingredients at room temperature.
The temperature of the container is not a true indication of the temperature
of the food or drink. Cut into foods with fillings, for example jam doughnuts,
to release heat or steam.
R-795M New style Op man  4/8/02  9:21 AM  Page 28
To cook/defrost food in a microwave oven, the
microwave energy must be able to pass through
the container to penetrate the food. Therefore it
is important to choose suitable cookware.
Round/oval dishes are preferable to
square/oblong ones, as the food in the corners
tends to overcook. A variety of cookware can be
used as listed below.
Aluminium foil
Foil Containers
Browning dishes
China and
e.g. Pyrex ®
e.g. fast food
Cling film
Paper plates/cups
and kitchen paper
Straw and wooden
Recycled paper
and newspaper
✔ / ✘
✔ / ✘
✔ / ✘
Small pieces of aluminium foil can be used to
shield food from overheating. Keep foil at least
2cm from the oven walls, as arcing may occur.
Foil containers are not recommended unless
specified by the manufacturer, e.g. Microfoil ®,
follow instructions carefully.
Always follow the manufacturers instructions.
Do not exceed heating times given. Be very
careful as these dishes become very hot.
Porcelain, pottery, glazed earthenware and
bone china are usually suitable, except for
those with metallic decoration.
Care should be taken if using fine glassware
as it can break or crack if heated suddenly.
It is not recommended to use metal
cookware when using microwave power as it
will arc, which can lead to fire.
Care must be taken as some containers warp,
melt or discolour at high temperatures.
Should not touch the food and must be
pierced to let the steam escape.
Must be pierced to let steam escape. Ensure
bags are suitable for microwave or convection
use. Do not use plastic or metal ties, as they
may melt or catch fire due to the metal arcing.
Only use for warming or to absorb moisture.
Care must be taken as overheating may cause
Always attend the oven when using these
materials as overheating may cause fire.
May contain extracts of metal which will
cause ‘arcing’ and may lead to fire.
The metal rack supplied has been specially
designed for all cooking modes and will not
damage the oven.
✔ / ✘
✔ / ✘
NOTE: When heating food in plastic or paper containers, monitor the oven due to the possibility of
R-795M New style Op man  4/8/02  9:21 AM  Page 29
Defrosting food using your microwave oven is
the quickest method of all.
It is a simple proccess but the following
instructions are essential to ensure the food is
thoroughly defrosted.
• Remove all packaging and wrapping before defrosting.
• To defrost food, use microwave power levels 30% or 10%.
• Please refer to the defrosting chart on page 37 for further information.
Turn over
Foods that are placed towards the outside of the dish will defrost quicker than
foods in the centre. It is therefore essential that the food is rearranged up to 4
times during defrosting.
Move closely packed pieces from the outside to the centre and rearrange
over-lapping areas.
This will ensure that all parts of the food defrosts evenly.
Foods may be stuck together when removed from the freezer. It is important
to separate foods as soon as it is possible during defrosting.
e.g. bacon rashers, chicken fillets.
Some areas of food being defrosted may become warm. To prevent them
becoming warmer and starting to cook, these areas can be shielded with small
pieces of foil, which reflect microwaves. e.g. legs and wings on a chicken.
Standing time is necessary to ensure food is thoroughly defrosted.
Defrosting is not complete once the food is removed from the microwave
oven. Food must stand, covered, for a length of time to ensure the centre has
completley defrosted.
It is essential that all foods are turned over up to 4 times during defrosting.
This is important to ensure thorough defrosting.
R-795M New style Op man  4/8/02  9:21 AM  Page 30
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