KX-TG2521RUT, KX-TGA251RUT — Panasonic Telephone Service Manual (repair manual). Page 10

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Telephone Line Interface
• Bell signal detection
• Clip signal detection
• ON/OFF hook circuit
Bell & Clip (: Calling Line Identification Presentation: Caller ID) signal detection:
In the standby mode, Q3 is open to cut the DC loop current and decrease the ring load.
When ring voltage appears at the L1T (A) and L1R (B) leads (when the telephone rings), the AC ring voltage is transferred as
• B 
→ L2 → C4 → R6 → R33 → IC7 Pin 21 (CID INp) 
• A 
→ L1 → C3 → R4 → R35 → IC7 Pin 20 (CID INn)
ON/OFF hook circuit:
In the standby mode, Q3 is open, and connected as to cut the DC loop current and to cut the voice signal. The unit is
consequently in an on-hook condition
When IC7 detects a ring signal or press the TALK Key onto the handset, Q4 turns on and then Q3 turns on, thus providing an
off-hook condition (DC current flows through the circuit) and the following signal flow makes the loop current.
• B 
→ L2 →D3 → Q3 → Q5 → R21 → R22 → D3 → L1 →A [OFF HOOK]
• Audio Circuits and DTMF tone signal circuits.
Base Unit and Handset mainly consist of RF Module and DECT BBIC. 
Base Unit and Handset transmit/receive voice signal and data signal through the antenna on carrier frequency.
Signal Path:
*Refer to Signal Route (P.13).
Transmitter Block
The voice signal input from the TEL LINE interface goes to RF Power Amp. (IC801) through DECT BBIC (IC7) as shown in
Block Diagram (Base Unit) (P.7)
The voice signal passes through the analog part of IC7 where it is amplified and converted to a digital audio stream signal. The
burst switch controller processes this stream performing encryption and scrambling, adding the various other fields to produce
the GAP (Generic Access Profile) standard DECT frame, assigning to a time slot and channel etc.
In IC7, the carrier frequency is changing, and frequency modulated RF signal is generated.In IC801,RF signal is amplified, and
radiated from antenna. Handset detects the voice signal or data signal in the circuit same as the following explanation of
Receiver Block.
Receiver Block
The signal of 1900 MHz band (1881.792 MHz ~ 1897.344 MHz) which is input from antenna is input to IC7 as shown in Block
Diagram (Base Unit)
In IC7, the signal of 1900 MHz band is downconverted to 864 kHz signal and demodulated, as GAP (Generic Access Profile)
standard DECT frames. It passes through the decoding section burst switch controller where it separates out the frame
information and performs de-encryption and de-scrambling as required. It then goes to the DSP section where it is turned back
into analog audio. This is amplified by the analog front end, and goes to the TEL LINE Interface.
Pulse Dialling
During pulse dialling the hookswitch (Q3, Q4) is used to generate the pulses using the HOOK control signal, which is set high
during pulses. To force the line impedance low during the “pause” intervals between dial pulses, the PULSE_DIAL signal turns
on Q2.

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